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Peter Safar

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Peter Safar
(April 12, 1924 - August 2, 2003)
Born in Austria
Year of Discovery: 1957
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The Father of CPR Taught "Regular People" How to be Lifesavers

We want you to meet our friend resusci-Anne…only problem, this poor plastic lady has just had a heart attack!  Never fear – Thanks to Peter Safar and his method called CPR ("Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation"), Anne and millions of other around the world can be saved!

Peter Safar was born in 1924 in Austria.  Both of his parents were doctors and great role models, so it inspired Safar to study medicine as well.  When he was studying surgery at Yale he realized that surgical techniques would not be able to progress without better life support. This led to his career in anesthesia and interest in resuscitation, both inside and outside of the operating room.

In the 1950s, Safar turned his curiosity to emergency aid outside the hospital and wanted to devise a life-saving plan that could be taught to regular people.  In 1957 he wrote about the ABC of life support.  Airway, Breathing, Circulation.  He performed daring studies of mouth-to-mouth ventilation on his colleagues at Johns Hopkins, using curare, an anesthesia to make them unconscious and paralyzed.  He coined the expression “cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation – CPCR” which was later shortened to CPR, making Safar, the “Father of CPR”.  He began an advocacy program, meaning that he told the general public that they could help someone who had collapsed at home or on the street.  In 1958 Safar worked with Bjorn Lind to create a full size mannequin to teach people how to do CPR. This mannequin, Resusci-Anne, could receive mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and she had a spring attachment in her torso to be used for chest compressions.  Since then, many students have been taught to check if a patient is unconscious by gently shaking the doll and calling, "Annie, Annie, are you OK?", then beginning the process of breaths and chest compressions.  Today, over 60% of people know CPR!

Peter Safar is also credited for helping to create the very first intensive care unit in the United States and the first paramedic service.  He was known for spending his career giving life to others and has said, “I made use of the opportunities that life offered to do some good."  Safar wrote, in addition to over 1400 scientific publications, a set of rules to live by.  In his "Peter's Laws for the Navigation of Life," subtitled "The Creed of the Sociopathic Obsessive Compulsive", Rule # 20 states ‘Death is not the enemy but occasionally needs help with timing’ and Rule #22 says:  ‘It’s up to us to Save the world’.

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Introduction by April Ingram



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Table of Contents

Introduction
Links to More Information About the Scientist
Key Insight
Key Experiment or Research
Key Contributors
Quotes by the Scientist
Quotes About the Scientist
Anecdotes
Similar Scientists
Fun Trivia About The Science
The Science Behind the Discovery
Personal Information
Science Discovery Timeline
Recommended Books About the Science
Books by the Scientist
Books About the Scientist
Awards
Major Academic Papers
Curriculum Vitae
Links to Science and Related Information on the Subject
Sources

 








Links to More About the Scientist & the Science

post-gazette.com article on Safar:
http://www.post-gazette.com/lifestyle/20020331safar0331fnp2.asp

Wikipedia entry:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Safar

Peter Safar's tribute/obituary in the journal 'Resucitation'
http://www.laerdalfoundation.org/dok/Peter_Safar.pdf




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Key Insight




Key Experiments or Research

 



Key Contributors

The Team
Explore other scientists who furthered this lifesaving advance.
Lifesavers Who

Developed CPR
James Elam
Spearheaded the development of Resusci-Anne, a life-like manikin to teach CPR.
James Jude
Proved that chest compressions, using the hands, were sufficient to extend life in emergencies.
G. Guy Knickerbocker
Proved that chest compressions, using the hands, were sufficient to extend life in emergencies.
William Kouwenhoven
Proved that chest compressions, using the hands, were sufficient to extend life in emergencies.




Quotes by the Scientist




Quotes About the Scientist




Anecdotes

 



Fun Trivia About the Science




The Science Behind the Discovery



Personal Information



Scientific Discovery Timeline




Recommended Books About the Science




Books by the Scientist




Books About the Scientist

 



Awards




Major Academic Papers Written by the Scientist



Curriculum Vitae



Links to Information on the Science





Sources/References