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Warren, Stafford

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Stafford Warren

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Stafford Warren
(June 19, 1896 - July 26, 1981)
Born in the United States
Year of Discovery: 1930
This Pioneer in Breast Cancer Surgery Used Fluoroscopes to Distinguish Variations in Breast Tissue

Stafford Warren, a radiologist from New York, published one of the first articles about mammography in 1930, "A roentgenologic study of the breast". (Roentgenology is radiology using x-rays, named after the discoverer of x-rays, Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen) This was a groundbreaking study, in which he described how physicians could use his stereoscopic grid system of radiographs to reveal disease and make diagnoses of breast cancer - without having to cut open the patient! Prior to this, all breast disease was confirmed during surgical procedures or autopsies. This breakthrough began the era of breast cancer screening and simplified, non-invasive diagnosis.

In 1943, Dr. Warren was appointed Chief of the Medical Section of the Manhattan Engineering District, known as the "Manhattan Project". This was the project that developed the first atomic weapon during World War II. In this critical position, Warren was responsible for conducting radiation tests to assure the safety of all personnel involved. The experience led him to warn the public against the potentially dangerous effects of fallout after a nuclear war.


Introduction by April Ingram


Table of Contents

Links to More Information About the Scientist
Key Insight
Key Experiment or Research
Key Contributors
Quotes by the Scientist
Quotes About the Scientist
Fun Trivia About The Science
The Science Behind the Discovery
Personal Information
Science Discovery Timeline
Recommended Books About the Science
Books by the Scientist
Books About the Scientist
Major Academic Papers
Curriculum Vitae
Links to Science and Related Information on the Subject


Links to More About the Scientist & the Science

The practice of mammography, by Dronkers, referencing Warren:

The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum profile:

University of California obituary and biography:

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Key Insight

Key Experiments or Research


Key Contributors

The Team
Explore other scientists who furthered this lifesaving advance.



Jacob Gershon-Cohen
First advocate for using mammograms to detect breast cancer.
Charles Gros
His techniques greatly enhanced mammogram's effectiveness.
Raul Leborgne
His breast compression technique enhanced mammogram images.
Albert Salomon
He was the very first to use x-rays to study breast cancer.
Walter Vogel
He refined mammograms to enhance breast cancer diagnosis.

Quotes by the Scientist

Quotes About the Scientist


Fun Trivia About the Science

The Science Behind the Discovery

Personal Information

Scientific Discovery Timeline

Recommended Books About the Science

Books by the Scientist

Books About the Scientist

Warren, Stafford. An exceptional man for exceptional challenges: Stafford L. Warren. Regents of the University of California, 1983.


Major Academic Papers Written by the Scientist

Curriculum Vitae

Links to Information on the Science